Going to get a new pooch? Wait, have you done your homework? Well, you must have the know-how of their certain health conditions and behaviors before getting a canine (s) at your place. This is, indeed, beneficial for keeping you both happy and your pet alive and kicking.
Just imagine what you would do if you see your pet having dog eye boogers? Have no clue of that? Don’t worry!
To facilitate you to the maximum with this regard, we’ll discuss dog eye discharge: what is normal and when you need to rush towards the vet. So, let’s get started.
Dog Eye Discharge: What Is Normal And What Is Not?
As a matter of fact, doggies can commonly have eye discharge. Beth Kimmitt, who resides in ophthalmology at Purdue University’s College of Veterinary Medicine, Indiana, says that dogs’ eyes are always producing tears. Moreover, these tears typically drain at the eye’s corners.
She further adds that there should not be any ocular discharge in a dog’s eye technically; however, a clear discharge in small amounts may be fine. Adding more to this, clear dog eye discharge might appear slightly crusty and brown when it dries.
Nevertheless, dog eye discharge can be of different types, out of which some are linked with potentially serious health concerns needing treatment.
Thinking of what is the cause of dog eye discharge? Let’s look at different types and common causes of eye discharge in dogs so you could know what is normal and what is not.
1. Watery Eyes Or Epiphora:
Excessive eye watering, also called Epiphora, is linked with many different conditions that can be relatively benign to serious. Over and above that, it can result in staining, smelly fur, or even a skin infection. A few common causes of excessive eye-watering in dogs are inclusive of the following:
- Foreign material in the eye
- Anatomical abnormalities (such as prominent eyes)
- Corneal wounds
- Blocked tear ducts
- Glaucoma (increased eye pressure)
Is It Normal Or Not? A relatively mild increase in tearing when your dog’s eyes look normal in every other respect indicates that there’s nothing to worry about. Monitoring the situation for a few days is reasonable.
Nonetheless, if your puppy’s eye has pain or if it turns red, it’s not normal. It’s time you need to visit the veterinarian.
2. Dry Eyes Or Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS):
KCS or dry eyes make your canine unable to produce enough eye-cleansing tears, which can be painful for your pet. Talking about the causes of KCS, it usually happens when your pooch’s immune system is attacking and destroying tear-producing glands.
Is It Normal Or Not? Having dry eyes or KCS is not normal in particular if your dog’s eyes become extremely red or if he is not eating anything. More importantly, KCS can lead to severe discomfort and blindness if left untreated.
3. Yellow-Green Eye Discharge Or Canine Conjunctivitis:
If your dog is blinking excessively, having redness in his eyes, crusty eyes, or pawing at the eyes, he might have conjunctivitis. To explain it further, inflammation in your dog’s eye lining can result in yellow-green discharge, also known as conjunctivitis. This condition can be a cause of any of the following;
- Tear ducts problems
- Birth defects
- Dry eye
Is It Normal Or Not?
Keeping into account the causes, you might need to consult a vet. Bear in mind that your pet might also require surgery if there are birth defects or duct problems.
Aside from the above-mentioned common causes of eye discharge in a dog, your furry friend can experience this issue due to the following reasons;
A condition in which pressure is placed on the dog’s eye, causing insufficient drainage of fluid in the eye is known as glaucoma. In case this condition becomes chronic or persists due to no treatment, it will permanently damage the optic nerve leading to blindness.
· Tightness Of The Collar:
The collar you put on your doggy should be loose enough that you could put two fingers between the collar and the neck. If the collar doesn’t allow your two fingers to let in, it’s a clear indication of a tight collar.
Bear in mind that tightness of the collar can cause bulgy eyes and congestion, further leading to eye discharge and choking in dogs.
· Genetic Predisposition:
In fact, certain breeds of dogs are vulnerable to too much eye discharge. You can observe this fact in flat-faced dogs, including the following;
- Pekingese dogs
Wondering why so? Well, this is mainly because flat-faced dogs often have protruding eyes, as well as their eye sockets are shallow. Such type of eye structure can predispose them to frequent irritation and environmental stress.
This can reason the production of a lot of discharge in the dog’s body for lubricating the eyes to lessen the irritation.
Apart from that, such brachycephalic breeds are also vulnerable to tear drainage issues, inwardly growing eyelids, irritation in the eyelash, and many more.
Some other breeds, including Cocker Spaniels and Poodles, are more vulnerable to blocked tear ducts. Furthermore, these ducts cause tear-drainage from your pet’s eyes out through the nose and the throat’s back. Due to blocked tear ducts, tears will find nowhere for drainage but to spill over the rims of the eye and run down the face.
How To Prevent Dog Eye Discharge?
Here’s what you can do to prevent eye discharge in your dogs. At first, look at your pooch’s eyes and observe that;
- The size of the pupils should be the same.
- Make sure that there is no crust, the iris is white, and your pet’s eyes are bright.
- No squinting or tearing should be there in your pooch’s eyes.
- The inner of the eyelids should not be visible.
- The lower lids of your pet’s eyes should be pink when you gently pull them down. They shouldn’t be whitish or reddish.
Keep Your Pup’s Eyes Clean:
Keeping the eye area of your pup clean is also a good step for ensuring his good eye health. To accomplish this purpose, you can use a wet cloth for wiping away any discharge gently. Other than that, using a veterinary eye cleaning product can also help in preventing dog eye discharge.
You must consult your vet before using any product.
When To Call A Vet?
You need to call a vet if you see any of the following signs;
- Unequal sized pupils
- Closed or squinted eyes
- Tear-stained fur
- A visible third eyelid
What else can you do to prevent dog eye discharge?
Here are some more tips for keeping your four-legged friend’s eyes healthy and bright;
- Keep long hair out of your canine’s eyes as they can cause irritation. To serve this purpose, you can use round-tipped scissors for trimming the hair or take your pet to a groomer or.
- Keep other irritants away from your pet’s eyes, for instance, soaps, shampoos, and flea medicine.
- Look for signs that possibly hint an eye problem such as pawing, not eating food, or rubbing.
How To Apply Topical Medication Correctly?
If the vet has prescribed a topical eye medication for your dog, applying it in the correct way by yourself can be a bit tricky. For ensuring the right application, follow these steps;
- Firstly, ensure that the medication is nearby before you begin.
- Secondly, use lukewarm water and a soft cotton ball or a cotton pad for cleaning any extra eye discharge around the dog’s eyes.
- Then, slightly tilt your puppy’s head back and rest your hand on his head. This will prevent you from accidentally hitting the eyes with the dropper if your pet starts squirming.
- The next step includes squeezing the eye drop applicator gently and adding a few drops into his eye’s upper part.
- In case it’s an eye ointment and not an eye drop, begin by pulling down your pup’s lower eyelid gently. Doing so will create a pocket for the ointment.
- Then, apply the same technique for resting your hand on his head to tackle with his squirming.
- The next step includes squeezing a small ribbon, a strip of about one-quarter inch, of the ointment into the eyes.
- After successfully applying the eye ointment or adding eye drops, opening and closing his eyelid gently for a few seconds is essential. Doing so will allow the medication to spread evenly.
At this juncture, you got to know the different types of eye discharge in dogs and their causes. Besides, you also got familiarization with a normal dog eye discharge and when to call a vet.
Putting it all together, dog eye discharge can be common; however, knowing the exact cause is important for ensuring good health of your doggie’s eyes. After determining the reason for the eye discharge in your dog, you can proactively treat it so your dog can look clearly and stay alive and fresh.
Don’t forget to call a vet before the condition gets worsens. Taking this action is necessary for the betterment of your dog’s health.